Kidney stones are formed when excess salts crystallize in the kidney. They affect 10 percent of the population, men more than women. More than 50 percent of patients form another stone within 10 years.

Evaluation

  • Urine analysis
  • Blood test.
  • Ultrasound scan
  • X-rays, IVP
  • CT-Scan

Kidney stone symptoms include pain in back and groin and passing blood in the urine. Some stones also cause urinary tract infection. Occasionally, stones can lead to kidney damage without any  symptoms.

Treatment

Treatment of stone depends on its size and location.

Treatment Options

  • Extra corporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)
  • Percutaneous Nephro Lithotomy (PCNL)
  • Uretero Reno Scopy (URS)
  • Open Surgery.

Prevention

The most important way to prevent kidney stone formation is to stay well hydrated .i.e drinking adequate amount of water.